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Rahat Shahriar
Jul 17, 2022
In Music Forum
In any consideration of communism in the 20th century , one Job Function Email List must start from the fact that private property was effectively abolished in the USSR and the first modern society was established in which language (ideology, philosophy) was imposed on the economy, that is, on the capitalist law of value. For Chukhrov, this fact constitutes an exceptional advancement of Job Function Email List human society that cannot be ignored. In this summary I allow myself to capture and convey a very unique tone that runs through the entire book: at times it seems that we are witnessing a fairly frank attempt to Job Function Email List reclaim emancipatory aspects of Soviet life. Ignoring the widely known oppressive features. However, the Job Function Email List angle taken by Chukhrov should not be confused at all with an apology for the political regime, especially the Stalinist period. If there was a "really existing socialism", a "really existing anti-communism" also endures. The expectation still prevails that any left theoretical intervention around Marxist revolutionary history must comply with a certain protocol of self-incrimination Job Function Email List and repentance before claiming for reflection certain objective transformations that meant an achievement and that could contribute some lessons Job Function Email List to the emancipatory perspective. skillful, that is, something more than the kind of moralizing self-criticism that translates into arguments of political disqualification. Chukhrov simply bypasses that protocol in order to think Job Function Email List beyond the moral indictment. It recognizes that the collapse of the USSR responded to the progressive erosion of its institutions, related to its bureaucratic and oppressive character, but argues that, contrary to what almost all Western criticism assumes, such deterioration was not due to failure in the attempt to Job Function Email List establish a communist society, but because it was too successful, too soon, to institutionalize the process properly. According to her, the relative lack of preparation of society for the change produced responds to the fact that this change was very fast and very complete, by effectively developing relations of production Job Function Email List emancipated from private property and generators of a de-alienated society and culture.
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Rahat Shahriar
Jul 14, 2022
In Music Forum
However, the speeches of a return to nationalist protectionism are finding an Job Function Email List echo in those sectors of the population that are most unprotected in the face of ruthless globalization. Donald Trump, Jair Bolsonaro, but also Viktor Orbán, Faced with this, social democracy should be Job Function Email List able to think of another model of globalization capable of proposing global policies, but starting Job Function Email List from the diversity of the local and turning what has been perceived as a threat into protection. The recent agreement reached in Spain to guarantee that audiovisual content Job Function Email List creation platforms have production in co-official languages (such as Catalan) is an example of this: an eminently global industry that is forced to produce in minority languages to protect them6. Another Job Function Email List great vector of globalization, trade, must also turn along this line. As Manuel Escudero points out: "It is a matter of embodying in the new trade agreements in the future a multilateralism with values, a commitment to agreements with transparency, with clauses that protect the rights of workers, with respect for Job Function Email List the environmental challenges that arise on the planet for the coming decades, with sanctions for non-observance of these principles»7. A new social contract is in the making The Great Depression of the 1930s Job Function Email List and the Second World War gave birth to a new social contract, of a progressive nature, which saw the birth of the social State. In the 1970s, the energy and economic crisis gave rise to another contract, this Job Function Email List time of a neoliberal nature.He consequences of which were painfully felt in the management of the 2008 crisis. One of the legacies it left, and from which Europe has not yet recovered, is the widening ofJob Function Email List inequality gaps to levels not seen since the First World War. Today the pandemic has accelerated previous trends, has brought new ones and has swept away in just a few months neoliberal dogmas that were considered immovable.
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Rahat Shahriar

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